By Marci Liroff

There’s an epidemic going on and I had no idea it actually had a name. The culprit is “vocal fry.” Not only is it annoying but it’s ruining your chances of getting hired—not just as an actor, but for any job.

Vocal fry is the result of pushing the end of words and sentences into the lowest register, where the vocal folds in the throat vibrate irregularly and allow air to slip through. The result is a low, sizzling rattle underneath. (Kim Kardashian is the queen of vocal fry, but now that I’ve pointed it out you’ll probably hear it everywhere.) For a great example, look up actor and national public radio host Faith Salie’s vocal fry video on YouTube.

Sociologists say women and girls pick up this bizarre vocal pattern because it makes them feel like part of a macroculture.

Recent studies have documented its growing popularity among educated and successful young women in the United States, but this learned behavior might be frying their job prospects. According to researcher Ikuko Yuasa, vocal fry may be the result of young women striving to reach the male register by imbuing their speech with gravitas.

Not only is it irritating to listen to, but you may be permanently ruining your vocal chords. As an actor, your voice is gold and it must be protected at all costs. YouTube star Abby Normal reports in her video: “This sort of vocalization can cause more harm to your throat because your vocal chords aren’t smoothly rubbing together; they’re more clapping…it’s like whispering. Instead of a nice, even flow, you’re creating more friction on your vocal chords.”

And there’s another vocalization that, while not harmful to your voice, is harmful to how people perceive you: “Uptalking,” also picked up from friends, is a way of ending your sentences with a vocal inflection that turns up at the end like a question. I tell my coaching clients and those who are auditioning for me that uptalk results in the listener not taking them or their content seriously. I vocally show them through mimicry the importance of ending their sentences definitively, rather than sounding as if they want to communicate a point without being too decisive or potentially ruffling feathers. Uptalk is very passive-aggressive and it isn’t helping anyone in an audition, a business setting, or a personal setting, for that matter.

This passive-aggressive tone is said to have origins in California “Valley Girl” culture, but D.C.-based vocal coach and speech pathologist Susan Miller says the uncertain, youthful tone has moved across states and genders—despite the assumption that women are the prime culprits. “I would say that the majority of employers come to me because people sound young,” says the coach, who trains employees to sound more professional. “And it’s the uptalk, the uncertainty, more than fry.

“Voice is important to show authority, to show that you’re confident and you know your subject matter,” Miller adds. “It can be the deciding factor between getting a call for a second interview or being passed over for someone else.”

Linguist Robin Lakoff drew attention to the pattern in her book Language and Women’s Place, which argued that women were socialized to talk in ways that lacked power, authority, and confidence. Rising intonation on declarative sentences was one of the features Lakoff included in her description of ‘women’s language,’ a gendered speech style which in her view both reflected and reproduced its users’ subordinate social status.

Take a moment and listen to your vocal patterns by recording yourself having a casual conversation with a friend. Are you guilty? If so, stop it! Ask your friends, coach, or acting teacher to call you on it so you can be stronger in your auditions.

Do you know people who do this? If so, send them this article and help them become more conscious of these vocalization patterns.

Make sure to check out my new online course “How To Audition For Film and Television: Audition Bootcamp”.

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  1. So thrilled to see this being addressed by the acting community. I’m a voice actor, and interestingly enough the VO community in the SF Bay area, which is where I studied VO, was discussing this phenomena a few years ago. There was a rather lengthy conversation in a workshop in which I was participating, with a very well known character actor/director from LA facilitating, and he’s the one who told us it had been given the term “vocal fry”. As a ex-operatic soprano, I’ve got to say I cringe ever time I hear it…it’s the perfect way to develop “Phonotrauma” (vocal cord nodules, polyps, cysts, due to vocal cord misuse, overuse, or abuse)… or a possible diagnosis in the broader category of “Dysphonia” of which there are multiple distinct pathologic entities…..altho not usually painful, it does, over time, affect the speaking voice….for a singer it can be very traumatic…as the operation to remove the nodes, if that is the diagnosis, is subject to poor healing or irreversible scarring, which causes permanent change in the speaking/singing voice. It can be done with amazing results…think Adele…you can hear what the polyp and ruptured blood vessels had done to her voice on her live album “Live from the Royal Albert Hall”, (which wasn’t mastered to the degree as her album “21”) where she avoids some of the high notes…a trained ear can hear the fatigue in her voice. Her polyp hemorrhaged during a performance on French radio…and that was it, total vocal failure. Her surgery was fortunately brilliantly successful as are many of these procedures. Belters of pop and jazz are usually affected by this condition but opera singers are as well…thus it’s not necessarily a lack of great breath control…altho that does help me a great deal when I use the “fry” periodically for an audition to get thro it successfully.

    VO audition scripts have come in frequently with the direction “deep raspy voice wanted” or “with texture” both terms for the vocal fry sound. I can do it, and certainly don’t hesitate when I get an audition calling for it, but I try to put a bit of spin on it by not doing the “fry” all the way thro, but for emphasis, especially with an evil character voice. Fortunately, in recent months, I’ve actually been getting scripts that state emphatically “no vocal fry!” A good sign. It is a fad….on trend, and until it fades with media and popular culture which churns the money machine, I doubt things will change overnight….it’s so lovely to see you, a prominent casting director, taking a stand. Brava once again, for puttin’ it out there 🙂

    • Wow! Thanks so much for your detailed response. I think I’ve hit on something by gathering this info and highlighting it so that actors can be aware if it and responsible for what they’re putting out there. It’s become such a cultural phenomenon and will hopefully move on soon! Thanks again!

      • You’re most welcome…’s so nice to share info like this…forgot to mention (primarily because I just watched it again, for the umpteenth time…!) Lake Bell’s “In a World” touches on it as well in a very comedic way….and I remembered when she was making the publicity rounds, she brought it up on most of the talk shows (which are now on youtube) Given that I spend a great deal of time watching commercials, etc., I can say with absolute certainty that’s she’s right when she says…once you hear it (the fry, the uptick, the affectation) you realize you hear it everywhere….I agree, let’s do hope it moves on soon…! Nice chatting with you!

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